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Winnipeg Police Service

History & Museum > History of the Winnipeg Police

The New Frontier | The Early 1900's | The Roaring Twenties | The Second World War Years | The Fifties and Sixties | Into Amalgamation | The Recent Past | Military Service of WPS Members

PART SEVEN - THE RECENT PAST

Researched and written by Staff Sergeant Jack Templeman (retired)

The year of l981 saw several officers facing serious criminal charges when it was discovered that a number of break and enters were actually being done by police officers. These break-ins also lead to a brutal murder being committed by two police officers, Jerry STOLAR and Barry NEILSON. The murdered man was a brother-in-law to one of the officers and they feared that he was about to turn them in. They waylaid him enroute to work and killed him then hid the body in a grave out in the country. This would have remained an unsolved missing person report except for several lucky breaks which lead to the discovery of the murder scene and later to the discovery of the body.

This black period in the department history did have a good ending when it was able to show that it was capable of investigating major crimes without fear or favour even when it involved police officers and due to the thorough work of many officers both Stolar and Neilson were convicted and sent to prison. One unusual part of the case involved identification through bloody bare footprints left at the scene.

Chief Johnston retired in 1984 and was followed by Superintendent Herb B. STEPHEN as the next Chief of Police.

Once again the department was plunged into a black period in 1988 when J.J. Harper, an aboriginal man died after a confrontation with an officer while being spotchecked by the officer who was searching for a male who fled from a stolen car. The officer reported that Mr. Harper had pulled his revolver from his holster and during the struggle to regain control of the weapon it had discharged striking Mr. Harper in the chest resulting in his death. The police investigation ruled that this had been an accidental death caused by the officer in the execution of his duty. There was a public outcry and a demand for an inquiry by an outside agency. It was eventually established under Judge Murray Sinclair and became known as the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry. The purpose was to look into the deaths of Mr. Harper and Helen Betty Osborne who had been murdered some years before at The Pas.

The results of the Inquiry concluded that Constable Robert CROSS had used excessive force in the fatal confrontation. The incident and inquiry in fact had a much more devastating effect on the department as Constable Cross suffered such mental stress that he never returned to duty and a respected senior officer, Inspector Ken DOWSON, took his own life the night before he was to testify.

The lengthy report of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry did eventually bring about a number of changes in attitude and procedure for the police when dealing with minorities.

In December 1989 the department began a number of changes in their appearance with the issue of dark blue shirts, pants with wide red stripes and red hatbands. Police vehicles also changed from the familiar ‘black & whites' to white cars with blue doors and then to all white cars with door crests and other markings.

Chief Herb STEPHEN resigned in 1991 and the department went through a lengthy period without a Chief. Deputy Chiefs Lawrence KLIPPENSTEIN and Joseph GALLAGHER both acted in the higher capacity during this time. The selection committee eventually selected a retired RCMP officer, J.B. Dale HENRY. Chief Henry had retired as Commanding Officer of "D" Division in Manitoba and had a reputation as a respected officer among the minorities in the province. This was the first time in history that a Chief of Police had not been chosen from the ranks.

Chief Henry was determined to change and improve the image of the department and spent a lot of time out on the street meeting officers and citizens alike. During his time as chief the department saw many changes. One of the first which had actually been underway when he took over was the accreditation of the department making it the only the second department in Canada to receive this standard.

Two other changes during this period were the adoption of the motto "Community Commitment" and probably the most noticeable was the change in name to the WINNIPEG POLICE SERVICE after 120 years of being the Winnipeg Police Force. This name change lead to the development of a new department badge on April 26th, 1995. A dress tunic for court and special occasions also was designed for the department.

Chief Henry served several months beyond his initial contract while the city looked for a replacement but retired in early 1996. Deputy Chief Terry McGREGOR took over on a temporary basis until the new appointment was made.

On May 2nd, 1996, David A. CASSELS became the fourteenth man to serve as Chief of the Winnipeg Police Department of the City of Winnipeg. Chief Cassels was also chosen from outside the ranks but had served with a municipal force retiring from the Edmonton Police Service as a Deputy Chief.

A Pictorial History - Hardcover!

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Winnipeg Police History Book
From Force to Service (1874-1999)

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