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Pathways to Winnipeg History Winnipeg in Focus

City Clerk's

Staff Favourites - 2018 Collection

Selected images from our growing collection of photographs, maps
and documentary art. Check back periodically for new additions.

75th Anniversary Parade

Winnipeg's 75th anniversary parade was held on June 5, 1949, and was a festive affair involving a crowd of over 125,000 spectators. Led by the Police pipe band, the parade was an impressive three and a half miles long. The beautifully crafted floats celebrated historical, cultural, and industrial growth – the official theme of the parade.

When organizers overlooked the industrial aspect of the parade, the Chairman of the Parade Committee, R. A. O'Dowda, pointed out the error. He asked that it be corrected in order to encourage industrial entries. This decision was very much in keeping with past parades that celebrated the role of commerce.

The 75th anniversary parade was the high point for civic parades in Winnipeg. The City's centennial year saw a series of parades organized by various groups, none of which rivaled the scale and splendor of the 75th anniversary parade.

View Waiting for the Parade - a short film on the 75th anniversary celebrations by Paula Kelly.


Graphic used in promotional items created for Winnipeg’s anniversary celebrations, 1949 (Special Committee on 75th Anniversary of Incorporation of City of Winnipeg, File 207).

Volunteer Monument

This photograph was taken in 1886 at the unveiling of the Volunteer Monument. The monument was erected to honour the men of the 90th Winnipeg Battalion who were killed during the North-West ResistanceAlso known as the North-West Rebellion, the North-West Resistance was an uprising against the Canadian government led by Métis and First Nations peoples in present-day Saskatchewan and Alberta. Key people in this conflict included Louis Riel, Gabriel Dumont, Big Bear, and Major-General Frederick Middleton.

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of 1885 – nine men in all.

The events that precipitated the conflict are well-documented in the archives. Read without regard to the larger context of the times, these records – like this photograph – tell a one-sided story about a period in our history during which many lives were lost or forever changed by the pursuit of growth and prosperity. Of further significance is the timing of the monument’s unveiling, which took place less than a year after Louis Riel was executed in Regina and buried without ceremony on the other side of the Red River. 

This photograph and related records about the volunteers remind us of the vital importance of viewing archives within a broader landscape of meaning, one that encourages us to reflect upon events in our past and to see them anew.


Ceremonies at Unveiling Volunteer Monument, Winnipeg, September 28, 1886 (P2 File 47).

Mosquito Control

In the fifties and sixties, the use of DDTDDT is an abbreviation for the chemical compound dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane.

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was widespread. To control the mosquito population in Winnipeg, the chemical was sprayed from trucks, airplanes, and boats.

A report from the Greater Winnipeg Mosquito Abatement District discusses alternative methods for combatting mosquitoes. For example, the District tried pyrethrin capsules, which were made from chrysanthemum flowers. They had limited use, however, as they were costly and failed to rupture on time and evenly disperse. Additionally, officials experimented with placing top minnows in King’s Park. It is not known if the minnows, which were reputed to eat mosquitoes, were effective. Experiments were also conducted using four unspecified brands of detergent.

At first, DDT was thought to be safe, but it was found to be causing significant problems in non-target species. In 1969, the Metropolitan Corporation of Greater Winnipeg approved a report that recommended ceasing all use of the chemical.

Current methods of mosquito control are described on the City’s website.


Fogging for mosquitoes, work performed by the Greater Winnipeg Mosquito Abatement District, 1955 (Parks and Recreation Photo Collection, A67, File 79, Items 1 and 2).

Last update: June 19, 2018
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