City of Winnipeg, Naturalist Services Branch

Habitat Site Report

Little Mountain Park
Site Description:
Set aside in 1965, this park contains prairie, aspen forest and wetland habitats. Much of the park is located on a
limestone ridge and it had one of Winnipeg's first limestone quarries in 1896. Over the years, one of the old
quarry pits has become a pond. The open area above the pond is covered in native prairie wildflowers. The park
contains a large section of aspen forest with an extensive network of trails for hiking and cross-country skiing.
Owls, foxes, ground squirrels and the occasional deer are a sample of the wildlife using these habitats. A bird-
feeding station, adjacent to the park's west parking lot is maintained all winter by volunteers.
Location: Site #: 540
Little Mountain Park is located North of Inkster Blvd., South of Farmer Ave., East of
Habitat Information
Grade: A/B Habitat Types: Aspen Forest, Prairie
Area in Hectares: 47.99
Plants Found at Site
Species Name Common Name Date added to list
Origin
Acer negundo Manitoba maple 9/24/2009
Native
Achillea millefolium Yarrow 9/24/2009
Native
Agoseris glauca False dandelion 7/1/1987
Native
Agrostis hyemalis Hair grass, Tickle grass 7/1/1987
Native
Agrostis spp. Bent grass 6/10/1998
Unknown
Alisma gramineum Narrow-leaved water-plantain 7/1/1987
Native
Allium stellatum Wild onion, Pink-flowered onion 7/1/1987
Native
Alopecurus aequalis Short-awned foxtail 7/1/1987
Native
Ambrosia psilostachya Perennial ragweed 7/1/1987
Native
Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon 9/24/2009
Native
Amorpha nana Dwarf false indigo, Fragrant false 9/24/2009
Native

indigo
Andropogon gerardii Big bluestem 7/1/1987
Native
Anemone canadensis Canada anemone 7/1/1987
Native
Anemone cylindrica Long-fruited anemone 7/1/1987
Native
Anemone multifida Cut-leaved anemone 7/1/1987
Native
Anemone patens Pasque-flower, Prairie crocus 7/1/1987
Native
Antennaria neglecta Pussy-toes 7/1/1987
Native
Antennaria spp. Pussytoes 9/24/2009
Unknown
Apocynum androsaemifolium Spreading dogbane 9/24/2009
Native
Aralia nudicaulis Wild sarsparilla 9/24/2009
Native
Arctium lappa Common burdock 9/24/2009
Introduced
Arctium minus Lesser burdock 7/1/1987
Introduced
Arctium spp. Burdock 6/10/1998
Introduced
Arenaria lateriflora Grove-sandwort 7/1/1987
Native
Artemisia absinthium Absinthe 9/24/2009
Introduced
Artemisia dracunculus Tarragon 7/1/1987
Native
Artemisia frigida Pasture sage 7/1/1987
Native
Artemisia ludoviciana Prairie sage 9/24/2009
Native
Asclepias ovalifolia Dwarf milkweed 7/1/1987
Native
Asparagus officinalis Garden asparagus 6/10/1998
Introduced
Astragalus adsurgens Ascending milkvetch 7/1/1987
Native
Astragalus adsurgens var. Ascending purple milkvetch 6/10/1998
Native
robustior
Astragalus agrestis Milkvetch or purple milkvetch 7/1/1987
Native
Astragalus canadensis Canadian milkvetch 7/1/1987
Native
Astragalus crassicarpus Ground-plum 7/1/1987
Native
Astragalus flexuosus Slender or Low milkvetch 7/1/1987
Native
Astragalus missouriensis Missouri milkvetch 7/1/1987
Native
Beckmannia syzigachne Slough grass 7/1/1987
Native
Bromus inermis Smooth brome 6/10/1998
Introduced
Campanula rapunculoides Creeping bluebell 9/24/2009
Introduced
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell, Bluebell 7/1/1987
Native
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's-purse 7/1/1987
Introduced
Carex spp. Sedge 7/1/1987
Native
Celastrus scandens Climbing bittersweet 7/1/1987
Native
Cerastium arvense Field chickweed 7/1/1987
Native
Cirsium arvense Canada thistle 7/1/1987
Introduced
Cirsium flodmanii Flodmans thistle 9/24/2009
Native
Comandra umbellata Bastard toadflax 6/10/1998
Native
Convolvulus sepium Hedge bindweed, Wild morning-glory 7/1/1987
Native
Corallorrhiza maculata Large or spotted coralroot 7/1/1987
Native
Cornus sericea Red osier dogwood 7/1/1987
Native
Corylus americana American hazelnut 9/24/2009
Native
Corylus cornuta Beaked hazelnut 6/10/1998
Native
Cotoneaster acutifolia Cotoneaster 9/24/2009
Introduced
Crataegus chrysocarpa Round-leaved hawthorn 7/1/1987
Native
Crataegus spp. Hawthorn 6/10/1998
Unknown
Crataegus succulenta Long-spined hawthorn 7/1/1987
Native
Cypripedium calceolus Yellow lady's-slipper 7/1/1987
Native
Drymocallis arguta White cinquefoil, Tall cinquefoil 7/1/1987
Native
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian olive 9/24/2009
Introduced
Elaeagnus commutata Silverberry, Wolf-willow 9/24/2009
Native
Elymus canadensis Canada wild rye 7/1/1987
Native
Elymus repens Quack- grass, Couch-grass 9/24/2009
Introduced
Elymus trachycaulus Slender wheatgrass 6/10/1998
Native
Elymus trachycaulus ssp Awned wheatgrass 6/10/1998
Native
subsecundus
Epilobium spp. Willowherb 7/1/1987
Unknown
Equisetum arvense Common horsetail 9/24/2009
Native
Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia fleabane 7/1/1987
Native
Erigeron spp. Seabane 7/1/1987
Unknown
Erysimum spp. Rocket 7/1/1987
Unknown
Fragaria virginiana Smooth wild strawberry 9/24/2009
Native
Fraxinus pennsylvanica Green ash 7/1/1987
Native
Gaillardia aristata Great-flowered gaillardia 7/1/1987
Native
Galium boreale Northern bedstraw 9/24/2009
Native
Galium triflorum Sweet-scented bedstraw 6/10/1998
Native
Geum aleppicum Yellow avens 7/1/1987
Native
Geum triflorum Three-flowered avens 9/24/2009
Native
Glycyrrhiza lepidota Wild licorice 7/1/1987
Native
Grindelia squarrosa Gumweed 7/1/1987
Native
Helianthus maximiliani Narrow-leaved sunflower 6/10/1998
Native
Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. Beautiful sunflower 7/1/1987
Native
pauciflorus
Helianthus pauciflorus var. Beautiful sunflower 9/24/2009
Native
subrhomboideus
Heracleum lanatum Cow-parsnip 7/1/1987
Native
Hesperostipa comata Spear grass 9/24/2009
Native
Hesperostipa spartea Spear grass 7/1/1987
Native
Hesperostipa spp. Needle grass 6/10/1998
Native
Heuchera richardsonii Alumroot 7/1/1987
Native
Hordeum jubatum Foxtail barley 7/1/1987
Native
Hypoxis hirsuta Yellow stargrass 6/4/2014
Native
Lactuca tatarica Wild lettuce 7/1/1987
Native
Lactuca tatarica var. pulchella Blue lettuce 6/10/1998
Unknown
Lappula myosotis European stickseed 7/1/1987
Unknown
Lappula squarrosa Bluebur 9/24/2009
Unknown
Lathyrus ochroleucus Pale vetchling 7/1/1987
Native
Lathyrus venosus Wild peavine 7/1/1987
Native
Lemna minor Lesser duckweed 7/1/1987
Native
Lepidium densiflorum Common pepper-grass 7/1/1987
Native
Lesquerella ludoviciana Sand bladderpod 7/1/1987
Native
Liatris ligulistylis Meadow blazingstar 9/24/2009
Native
Liatris punctata Dotted blazingstar 7/1/1987
Native
Lilium philadelphicum Wood lily 7/1/1987
Native
Linum sulcatum Grooved yellow flax 7/1/1987
Native
Lithospermum canescens Hoary puccoon 7/1/1987
Native
Lonicera tatarica Tartarian honesuckle 9/24/2009
Introduced
Lycopus americanus Water-horehound 7/1/1987
Native
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed loosestrife 9/24/2009
Native
Maianthemum canadense Two-leaved Soloman's-seal,Wild lilly 9/24/2009
Native

of the valley
Maianthemum stellatum Star-flowered Solomon's-seal 9/24/2009
Native
Malus spp. Apple tree 9/24/2009
Unknown
Matricaria matricarioides Pineappleweed 6/10/1998
Introduced
Medicago lupulina Black medick 7/1/1987
Introduced
Melilotus alba White sweet-clover 7/1/1987
Introduced
Melilotus officinalis Yellow sweet-clover 9/24/2009
Introduced
Monarda fistulosa Wild bergamont 9/24/2009
Native
Monotropa uniflora Indian-pipe 7/1/1987
Native
Myriophyllum spp. Water-milfoil 7/1/1987
Unknown
Nassella viridula Green needlegrass 7/1/1987
Native
Oenothera biennis Yellow evening-primrose 9/24/2009
Native
Oenothera serrulata Shrubby evening-primrose 7/1/1987
Unknown
Orthocarpus luteus Owls-clover 7/1/1987
Native
Oxytropis splendens Showy locoweed 7/1/1987
Native
Panicum virgatum Switch grass 9/24/2009
Native
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia creeper 9/24/2009
Native
Penstemon gracilis Lilac-flowered beard-tongue 7/1/1987
Native
Petalostemon candidum White prairie-clover 7/1/1987
Native
Petalostemon purpureum Purple prairie-clover 7/1/1987
Native
Phleum pratense Timothy 6/10/1998
Introduced
Plantago major Common plantain 6/10/1998
Introduced
Poa compressa Canada blue grass 7/1/1987
Introduced
Poa pratensis Kentucky blue grass 6/10/1998
Unknown
Poa spp. Blue grass 7/1/1987
Unknown
Polygala senega Seneca snakeroot 7/1/1987
Native
Polygonatum biflorum Hairy Solomon's-seal 7/1/1987
Native
Polygonatum canaliculatum Common solomons-seal 9/24/2009
Unknown
Populus balsamifera Balsam poplar 9/24/2009
Native
Populus deltoides Cottonwood 7/1/1987
Native
Populus tremuloides Trembling aspen 7/1/1987
Native
Potentilla anserina Silverweed 7/1/1987
Native
Potentilla gracilis Graceful cinquefoil 7/1/1987
Native
Potentilla norvegica Rough cinquefoil 7/1/1987
Native
Potentilla pensylvanica Prairie cinquefoil 7/1/1987
Native
Prunus nigra Canada plum 7/1/1987
Native
Prunus pensylvanica Pin cherry 9/24/2009
Native
Prunus virginiana Red-fruited choke cherry 7/1/1987
Native
Prunus virginiana var. Black-fruited choke cherry 9/24/2009
Native
Psoralea argophylla Silverleaf psoralea 9/24/2009
Native
Psoralea esculenta Indian breadroot 7/1/1987
Native
Pyrola spp. Pyrola 7/1/1987
Unknown
Quercus macrocarpa Bur oak 9/24/2009
Native
Ranunculus longirostris White water-crowfoot 7/1/1987
Unknown
Rhamnus cathartica European buckthorn 9/24/2009
Introduced
Ribes americanum Wild black currant 7/1/1987
Native
Ribes oxyacanthoides Bristly wild gooseberry 7/1/1987
Native
Rosa acicularis Prickly rose 6/10/1998
Native
Rosa arkansana Low prairie rose 7/1/1987
Native
Rosa spp. Rose 9/24/2009
Unknown
Rosa woodsii Wood rose 7/1/1987
Native
Rubus idaeus Wild red raspberry 7/1/1987
Native
Rubus pubescens Dewberry 7/1/1987
Native
Rubus spp. Raspberry 9/24/2009
Unknown
Rumex salicifolius Narrow-leaved dock 7/1/1987
Native
Salix discolor Pussy willow 7/1/1987
Native
Salix spp. Willow 9/24/2009
Unknown
Sanicula marilandica Snakeroot 7/1/1987
Native
Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem 7/1/1987
Native
Senecio canus Silvery groundsel 7/1/1987
Native
Senecio congestus Marsh-fleabane, Marsh ragwort 7/1/1987
Native
Senecio pauperculus Balsam groundsel 7/1/1987
Native
Sibbaldiopsis rivalis Brook cinquefoil 7/1/1987
Native
Sisyrinchium montanum Blue-eyed grass 7/1/1987
Native
Smilax herbacea Carrionflower 9/24/2009
Native
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod 9/24/2009
Native
Solidago missouriensis Low goldenrod 7/1/1987
Native
Solidago ptarmicoides Upland white goldenrod 7/1/1987
Native
Solidago rigida Stiff goldenrod 9/24/2009
Native
Sonchus arvensis Perennial sow-thistle 6/10/1998
Introduced
Sonchus spp. Sow thistle 9/24/2009
Introduced
Spartina pectinata Prairie cord grass 9/24/2009
Native
Spiraea alba Narrow-leaved meadowsweet 9/24/2009
Native
Stellaria longipes Long-stalked stitchwort 6/10/1998
Native
Symphoricarpos occidentalis Western snowberry 7/1/1987
Native
Symphyotrichum ciliolatum Lindleys aster 9/24/2009
Native
Symphyotrichum ericoides var. White heath aster 7/1/1987
Native
ericoides
Symphyotrichum laeve Smooth aster 7/1/1987
Native
Taraxacum officinale Dandelion 7/1/1987
Introduced
Taraxacum spp. Dandelion 6/10/1998
Unknown
Thalictrum dasycarpum Tall meadow-rue 6/10/1998
Native
Thalictrum spp. Meadow-rue 7/1/1987
Unknown
Thalictrum venulosum Veiny meadow-rue 6/10/1998
Native
Thlaspi arvense Stinkweed, Field pennycress 7/1/1987
Introduced
Toxicodendron rydbergii Poison ivy 7/1/1987
Unknown
Tragopogon dubius Yellow goats-beard 7/1/1987
Introduced
Trifolium repens White clover 7/1/1987
Introduced
Trifolium spp. Clover 6/10/1998
Unknown
Trillium cernuum Nodding trillium 7/1/1987
Native
Typha spp. Cat-tail 6/10/1998
Unknown
Ulmus americana American elm 7/1/1987
Native
Viburnum lentago Nannyberry 7/1/1987
Native
Viburnum opulus High bush-cranberry 7/1/1987
Native
Viburnum rafinesquianum Downy arrow-wood 9/24/2009
Native
Vicia americana Common vetch 7/1/1987
Native
Viola adunca Early blue violet 7/1/1987
Native
Viola pedatifida Crowfoot violet 7/1/1987
Native
Viola pubescens Downy yellow violet 7/1/1987
Native
Zigadenus elegans White camas 7/1/1987
Native
Zizia aptera Heart-leaved alexanders 7/1/1987
Native
Zizia aurea Golden alexanders 7/1/1987
Native
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